According to a report on Drug seizures/arrest released by the National Bureau of Statistics, NBS, Kwara state currently ranks highest among the 36 states in Nigeria with a total of 502,604 cases of drug seizure/arrest in 2019.
The report shows that highest numbers of cases were reported in the North Central region, with 517,711.69 cases in 2019 as against just 1,311 in 2018.
44,744.13 in 2019, compared to 1,260 in 2018 were recorded in the Southwest, while a total of 28,885.85 were recorded in the South South in 2019 compared to 1,821 in 2018.
The Southeast on the other hand recorded 13,234.48 in 2019 compared to 1,022 in 2018 and the North West recorded 11,968.50 in 2019 compared to 2,809 in 2018.
Also, the North East had the lowest record of drug cases at 4,490.81 compared to 1,608 on 2018.
A closer look at the report released by NBS shows that men were nearly ten times more likely to be arrested for drug trafficking in 2019, with 8,571 by the State and Special Area Command compared to just 908 women.
Furthermore, total number of narcotics drug seizures by the State and Special Area Command was 612,547.89kg compared to 163,684.44kg in 2018.
Total Number of prosecutions by the State and Special Area Command was 9,418 in 2019, which was less than the 2018 figure of 9,779. However, the convictions rate was just 1,120 in 2019 compared to 1,220 in 2018.
A a study by the NBS and Center for Research and Information on Substance Abuse with technical support from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in 2019 showed that 14.3 million Nigerians reported usage of psychoactive drug substances which stands at nearly 15% of the adult population, compared to the global average of 5.6%.216